Map of Georgia

Georgia is situated on the crossroads of Europe and Asia, bordering the Black Sea and lying between Turkey and Russia. Located in the extremely mountainous region known as the Caucasus, or Caucasia, Georgia is a small country of approximately 69,875 square kilometers—about the size of West Virginia. To the north and northeast, Georgia borders the Russian republics of Chechnya, Ingushetia, and North Ossetia (all of which began to seek autonomy from Russia in 1992). Its neighbors to the south are Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. The shoreline of the Black Sea constitutes Georgia's entire western border.

Geographic Coordinates: 42°00′N, 43°30′E

Area and Boundaries

Total: 69,700 km²
Land: 69,700 km²
Water: 0 km²

Area - Comparative: Slightly smaller than South Carolina (US) or Benelux (EU)

Land Boundaries:
Total: 1,461 km
Border Countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Coastline: 310 km

Maritime Claims: NA

Elevation extremes:
Lowest Point: Black Sea 0 m
Highest Point: Mountain Shkhara 5,201 m (peak is not in Georgia)
Mountain Mq'invartsveri at 5,048 m is the highest peak in Georgia.

Resources and Land Use

Natural Resources: Forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and petroleum deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Land Use:
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 4%
Permanent pastures: 25%
Forests and woodland: 34%
Other: 28% (1993 est.)

Irrigated Land: 4,000 km² (1993 est.)